The pseudomembranous form of candidiasis is characterised by raised, white, curd-like plaques that leave a raw bleeding surface when scraped. Candidiasis often occurs in children with chronic conditions who are on long-term antibiotic therapy, as well as in children who are immunosuppressed.
The patient may be asymptomatic or may complain of a sore throat if the oesophageal tissues are involved. In the newborn, secondary infection may occur. Lesions may be found on any mucosal surface. Topical or systemic antifungal agents are the treatment drugs of choice.