Definition

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is defined by the American Psychiatric Association as a life-long neurodevelopmental disorder that often becomes apparent before age seven.9 ADHD is characterized by poor impulse control, hyperactivity and inattentiveness. It is a constellation of behaviors that impairs school activities and social interaction.9 It is the most common behavior disorder in school-aged children today.8 The estimated prevalence of ADHD is between 3% and 18%.3 The reported male-to-female ratio ranges from 3:1 to 9:1.7,9 Children with ADHD come from all socioeconomic and cultural levels.1 Behaviors associated with ADHD are exacerbated by stress, unstructured or group situations or demands for complex performance. Patients with ADHD are often viewed as willful, disobedient or lazy. They do not realize their behavior is what elicits yelling/scolding from others.9,11 The three subtypes of ADHD will be described later.