Prosthodontics

  1. Improved smiles
Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and satisfaction among older adults after receiving new complete dentures was tested in this research. Also, the association of age, gender, education, medical history, past denture history and quality of existing complete dentures with patients’ ratings of satisfaction. A total of 114 community-dwelling adults>=65 year of age, all wearing complete dentures in both jaws had data collected using clinical oral examinations and a self-administered questionnaire. Dentures were clinically evaluated for retention, stability, occlusion, articulation and vertical dimension. There was a significant improvement in OHRQoL after treatment compared with before, the largest changes being in eating (33.3% to 15.9%) and smiling (17.5% to 4.5%). The provision of new dentures among older adults resulted in significantly better satisfaction and OHRQoL than wearing existing dentures. There was no significant correlation between the clinical assessment of the dentures and patients' satisfaction with them.

Eric J. Changes in Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) and satisfaction with conventional complete dentures among elderly people. Oral Health Preventive Dent 2017 15: 237-244.

Q Replacing complete dentures in this population lead to:
A Greater dissatisfaction among more elderly people, especially men
B Improvements in eating and speaking
C A significant correlation between clinical assessment and patient satisfaction
D Improvements in eating and smiling

  1. Information upgrade needed
The more informed a patient is about a given procedure, the better the outcome. This study was designed to compare general public awareness and knowledge regarding oral implant treatment with those of patients presenting for such treatment, to determine the information sources and their accuracy. Group I consisted of patients presenting for treatment of a dental emergency (general population group), and group II, of patients presenting for an implant consultation. A total of 126 adult patients (76 dental emergency patients and 50 implant consultation patients) participated in the study. The general population group was less informed about dental implants, especially information relating to implant material and longevity, and received information from less reliable sources than patients presenting for implant screening (friends or relatives vs primary dentist). Both groups reported cost of the procedure as a primary barrier to receiving implants (89% and 90%). The authors concluded that there is still a need for continued education of the general public regarding dental implants.

Deeb G et al. Public and patient knowledge about dental implants. J Oral Maxillofacial Surg 2017 75: 1387-1391.

Q Which is true of the results of this study?
A The general public are well informed about implants
B Patients in general reported cost of the procedure as a primary barrier to receiving implants
C Patients mainly got their information from newspapers and the internet
D Patients presenting for implant screening were mostly informed by patients and family