The advances in Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) allowing three-dimensional digital imaging in the last decade is impressive. General and specialist dental practices certainly benefit from a 3D digital system that includes panoramic, cephalometric, and Cone Beam imaging programs (Figures 29-30).
The digital panoramic images are clear and detailed. With the new technology, Clinicians can take partial panoramic views of a certain area, instead of a full panoramic image. Imaging system options include TMJ and sinus views, endodontics, dental and bone fractures, impacted teeth, abnormal anatomy, measuring bone dimensions for dental implants, and cleft palate assessment. Orthodontic and paediatric dental practices can benefit from digital cephalometric imaging, allowing full width lateral, posterior anterior, and reduced width lateral views. The detail from digital imaging also allows for cephalometric hard and soft tissue tracing. Dental practices that perform endodontic treatment can also benefit from 3D digital imaging including pre-, working, and post-imaging diagnoses. As we know, endodontic radiographs can be challenging.4 As with intraoral digital imaging, extraoral digital imaging requires less radiation to the patient, compared with medical computed tomography (CT). Scanning time is approximately 8-10 seconds. This is also helpful for cancer patients who have been exposed to medical therapy radiation (Figures 31-33).
With 3D digital imaging, the results are detailed and can be enhanced with digital imaging software for region-of-interest (ROI) magnification and equalization. Dental practices that place dental implants will also have access to an extensive implant library from manufacturers. Some disadvantages with CBCT include the cost of the equipment, lack of training in interpreting structures outside what clinicians were taught with two-dimensional digital imaging, and mistakes with clinicians not including a field of view (FOV) wide enough to diagnose diseases and conditions.2,5,9