1. The proportion of those over age 65 in the United States today is about __________.
  1. The rate of edentulism in the elderly is declining in the United States.
  1. One reason for the heavily restored dentition of older adults is a result of __________.
  1. Periodontally, older adults display __________.
  1. Factors that make the presence of caries less obvious in older adults include:
  1. Functions of saliva include __________.
  1. The most common cause of xerostomia in older adults is __________.
  1. The most common chronic disease found in the older adult population is __________.
  1. Diminished intra-oral sensitivity likely plays no role in poor oral hygiene in older persons.
  1. Factors outside the oral cavity that place the elderly at greater risk for dental problems include __________.
  1. Assessment of older adults should include __________.
  1. Raising the voice volume is the recommended strategy to enhance communication with the hard-of-hearing individual.
  1. Exaggerated hand motions and facial expressions may help in maintaining communications with an older adult whose visual acuity has diminished.
  1. Studies have documented that many people over age 65 do not use a fluoridated dentifrice.
  1. The aspect of dental disease that places older adults in need of fluoride is __________.
  1. A chemotherapeutic agent proven beneficial for managing gingivitis in the geriatric population is __________.
  1. The use of a denture adhesive has a positive effect on denture retention and biteforce.
  1. If a patient is accompanied to the office by a caregiver, all patient education and discussion should be directed to the caregiver.
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