Antiseptic hand rub is defined as applying a waterless antiseptic agent (i.e., an antiseptic agent such as alcohol that does not require the use of exogenous water) to the hands. The FDA classifies ethanol, 60 to 95% formulations, as a Category I agent.12 The antiseptic activity of ethanol is attributed to its ability to denature proteins.17 Ethanol, 60-95% (expressed as percent by volume) is more effective than higher concentrations because proteins are not denatured easily in the absence of water.
Antiseptic hand rub removes or destroys transient microorganisms and reduces the resident flora.2,13 The CDC and the WHO have concluded that antiseptic hand rub is more effective than handwashing or an antiseptic handwash and it is recommended for routine hand hygiene in clinical situations when the hands are not visibly soiled.2,12,13 As noted earlier, the concurrent use of an alcohol-based hand rub and an iodophor-based antimicrobial soap is contraindicated.
Follow manufacturers’ recommendations regarding the volume of product to be used and perform antiseptic hand rub for 20 to 30 seconds according to the technique described in Figure 2. Alcohol-based liquids, gels, or foam formulations are all acceptable. Contamination of alcohol-based products is remote.18 It is of import, however, to note that alcohol-based hand rub products are flammable and should be stored away from high temperatures (flash points range from 210°C to 240°C) or flames.19